Ukraine is a big country, here is the list of the biggest cities in Ukraine.
Situated on the Dnipro River, Kyiv (also Kiev) is the capital city of Ukraine. After a rough and turbulent history, the town has become an interesting array of old and new buildings. The culture is influenced by the characteristics of both Western and European customs, yet the Ukrainians who live here still cling proudly to tradition.
There approximately three million people live in Kyiv. There is really so much to see and do in Kyiv, you will be kept busy for days. Known as the ‘Green City’ for its numerous botanical gardens, parks and beautiful trees, the city is a wonder to behold in summer and spring. The nearby river provides hours of leisure activity in the form of swimming and boat rides, while many people enjoy leisurely strolls and cycling trails along its banks. In the winter, the lake freezes over to make way to ice fishermen and ice-skaters. There are many theatres and opera houses which provide indoor entertainment, and craft markets selling an abundance of traditional Ukrainian goods in cities. There are art galleries, beautiful old buildings and even catacombs. Kyiv is a charming and majestic city that should not be missed.
Kropyvnytskyi (former Kirovohrad) is a city located in the center of Ukraine, the administrative center of the Kirovograd region, an industrial and cultural center.
The population of Kropyvnytskyi is about 232,000, the area – 103 sq. km.
In the 16th – the first half of the 18th centuries, the Cossacks of the Zaporozhye Sich lived on the territory of the present Kropyvnytskyi. In 1754, the fortress of St. Elizabeth was founded by the decree of the Russian Empress Elizaveta Petrovna. It was named Elisavet after the name of the fortress. In 1764, the fortress became the center of the Elisavet province.
Since the day of foundation, the town was developing in parallel with the construction and development of the fortress because of its favorable geographical location – at the intersection of important roads from the Black Sea coast deep into the Russian Empire. Before foundation of Odessa, Kherson, and Mykolaiv, it was the only relatively large settlement in the south of Ukraine.
In 1923, the town became a district center of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1924, it received a new name – Zinovievsk, in 1934 – Kirovo (in honor of S.M. Kirov, the party and state leader of the USSR murdered on December 1, 1934), in 1939 – Kirovograd and became the center of the Kirovograd region. In 2016, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (the Ukrainian Parliament) decided to rename Kirovohrad to Kropyvnytskyi – in honor of the prominent Ukrainian theatrical figure Marko Kropyvnytskyi (1840-1910).
The basis of local industry is agricultural engineering, food and mining industries.
Kropyvnytskyi has the reputation of one of the centers of Ukrainian folk choreography. A number of old buildings, constructed mainly in the second half of the 19th century, have been preserved, including religious buildings, remains of Russian fortifications, Jewish quarters, etc.
Odessa is the largest city along the entire Black Sea, the 5th largest city in Ukraine and arguably the most important city of trade. Many years ago, Odessa was once the 3rd leading city in old Russia, after Moscow and St. Petersburg. Odessa looks more like a city located on the Mediterranean, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Odessa has always had a spirit of freedom, probably gifted to it by its location and by its ability to accept many different people. The city has a wide variety of people including Ukrainian, Russian, Moldavian, Greek, Romanian, Bulgarian, Caucasian, Jewish, Turkish and Vietnamese.
Odessa is one of the major ports and an important centre of industry, science and culture. Its mild climate, warm waters and sunlit beaches attract thousands of tourists year around. Its shady streets, gorgeous buildings and pleasant squares give the city a certain manner of closeness and understanding. Odessa is simply charming with its stunning architecture. Some buildings display a marvelous mixture of different styles, and some are built in the Art Nouveau Style which was in vogue at the turn of the century. Renaissance and Classicist styles are also widely present.
Today Odessa has a total population of about 1.1 million people. The city’s trades include products of shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, food processing and metalworking field. Odessa also has a naval base and several fishing fleets, which profits economy of the cities.
The city is located in Central Ukraine, with direct train and bus connections to Kyiv, L’viv, Odessa, Moscow, Bratislava and other major Eastern European cities.
Vinnytsia is a bilingual city, with most residents speaking both Ukrainian and Russian. Due to the Vinnytsia Pedagological University, as well as a good local school system, many young people also speak English, German and/or French.
Famous residents of the area include:
Vinnytsa has sister city relationships with Birmingham, Alabama (USA), Kielce (Poland), Peterborough (England), Rîbniţa (Moldova).
Vinnytsa is home base for the Ukrainian Air Force. Agriculture is a major industry in the Vinnytsa oblast of Ukraine. This is due to the area’s famous ‘black soil’. In addition to industrial production of sugar beets, wheat, corn and tomatoes, local residents produce an enormous variety of fruits and vegetables that are available in the city markets.
The second largest city in the Ukraine, Kharkiv (also known as Kharkov) is situated in the Northeast of the country and serves as one of the main industrial, cultural and educational centers in the country. The country’s industry and research works have been focused on arms production and machinery for many years. Today the city is a home to such mega-companies as the Morozov Design Bureau, the Malyshev Tank Factory, Hartron and Turboatom. These companies are specialized in such fields as tank and turbine production, and aerospace and nuclear electronic research.
Today Kharkiv has many attractions for tourists. Kharkov’s Freedom Square is the largest city square in Europe and is second in the world after the Tiananmen Square. It is a great place to start your sightseeing. After that you may wish to visit the Gasprom, the Mirror Stream, the Militia Museum, the Memorial Complex, the Shevchenko Monument and the Shevchenko Gardens. The Uspensky Cathedral and the Pokriv Cathedral are quite dramatic and look great in photographs. If you manage to fit that all into your trip, the Cable Road is another interesting place to stop. Make Kharkiv one of your stops while visiting Ukraine and take the opportunity to learn more about the country’s turbulent history.
It is believed that Chernihiv, the main city of the Chernihiv Oblast, first existed in the ninth century according to archaeological evidence excavated in the area, which included unearthed settlements and artifacts from the immensely powerful state, Khazar Khaganate. However, the first formal mention of Chernihiv came in the 907 Rus’-Byzantine Treaty. Chernigov still remained the self-governing centre of ‘Cossack Hetmanate’ until it was abolished, reducing it to a common administrative center belonging to the Russian Empire. However, it did become the capital of the local administrative units.
It must be noted that through most of the trying periods of Chernihiv’s history, it still managed to keep its ecclesiastical importance, being the seat of the archbishopric. To this day, standing on the outskirts of the city are the ancient caves of the Eletsky monasteries, the original residence of the bishop. Its astounding 6 pillar cathedrals were constructed between the periods ranging from the 11th to the 12th century, with traces of some of the most historical murals still seen today.
The city was founded in 1283 and was known as a town of the “Halytsia-Volyn” Principality. The town was named this because of its position on the plane surface.
Rivne is one of Ukraine’s biggest industrial, cultural and educational centers. Its leading industries include machine engineering, large-panel construction and furniture-making. This city is home to three Institutes, theatres, the Philharmonic Society and the Museum of the Regional Studies, which includes the museum-reserve “The Cossack Graves”. “The Cossack Graves” are situated on the island of Zhuravlykha (Crane) in the riverhead of the Styr River. This museum was built in 1966 in honour of the Cossacks who fell in action in the battle of Berestechko during the Liberation War of the Ukrainian people in 1648 to 1653. It includes the Temple-monument and the wooden church which was built in 1650.
The Rivne Region includes 15 districts, 10 towns, 18 settlements and over a 1000 villages. It also has some very interesting and historical architecture which includes the Assumption church with the bell tower located in the city of Rivne.